To the east of New Britain station the Highland Line continues as a double-track main to Newington Junction on its way to Hartford. There is a long siding that begins just to the west of East Main Street that continues all the way to the Commercial Street yard (Track 5). All sidings on the north side of the mainline are serviced from this siding.

There is another siding that runs along the south side of the tracks, starting just east of Household Fuel and running to just west of Smalley St (Track 6 or 8? - 2708'). While the length is noted on maps, the siding number is not.

There are six grade crossings east of the station:

  • Elm St. (0.10 mile)
  • Stanley St. (0.39 mile)
  • East Main St. (0.79 mile)
  • Smalley St.
  • Allen St.
  • East St.
There are at least sixteen sidings servicing twenty industries between Smalley Street and Elm Street. 

North of Fairview Cemetery there were at least two other sidings on earlier maps, but I believe they are gone by my era. Regardless, these are off-layout. It also appears that the Johnson Coal Co was once located on track 8C, and Central Realty Co is sandwiched between Carlson & Torrell and Stanley Svea on track 8B. It does show a coal bin next to the tracks, so it may have been served, but it won't fit.

Industry Sidings

  • 6C - 380' - Skinner Chuck Co.
  • 7F - 448' - City Coal & Wood; City Building Supply
  • 7G - 700' - New Britain Lumber
  • 7H - ??? - Shurberg & Sons, Inc.
  • 7J - 1050' - P&F Corbin Annex
  • 7K - 281' - Miner, Read & Tullock
  • 7L - 301' - United Coal & Wood Co.
  • 8 - 246' - D&K Coal
  • 8? - ??? - Berson Brothers Coal & Wood
  • 8B - 888' - Household Fuel; Carlson & Torrell; Stanley & Svea
  • 8C - 274' - Cohen William; R. M. Hall
  • 8D - 360' - New Britain City Storeyard
  • 15A - 812' - Union Manufacturing
  • ?? - ??? - National Coal & Wood Co.
  • ?? - ??? - Hardware City Fuel


City of New Britain Storeyard

Located at the junction of E. Main and the railroad, this is labeled New Britain Water Works on some maps. The facility itself is still there, now with a filling station for the trucks, piles of sand and salt, etc. 

In my era I'm guessing they may have received fuel oil, gasoline, asphalt, sand, and salt. If is was also connected in some way to water treatment then it may have received chlorine as well.


D&K Coal

Another small coal company on E. Main.

An oddity being that this is labeled track 8 on the valuation maps when all other tracks on the north side of the mainline are odd-numbered tracks.


Berson Brothers Coal & Wood

In addition to coal and Koppers coke, they were Esso gasoline and fuel oil distributors. I would love to fit this in, since they were a facing point industry just beyond the Cohen William siding. Unfortunately, adding the passing siding and industries around the helix just isn't feasible.


Miner, Read & Tullock

This was a warehouse for a grocery wholesaler. 

P&F Corbin Annex

The maps indicated a large coal bin along with several buildings on this siding. In addition, there are coal bins identified on Track 5 itself.

I've considered adding the Corbin siding, and also building the coal bins on Track 5. Operationally it wouldn't work well, though, since on the layout it is much shorter and I'm lacking the siding beyond Stanley Works, so all cars being dropped off are left on Track 5.


Skinner Chuck Company

A major hardware industry that manufactured high quality precision chucks. Undoubtedly some of these were used by the other local factories and in their products. 


 
 

 

Layout at a Glance

The Highland mainline must be curved the wrong direction to come around to the helix. Once it reaches the helix it reversed direction into a prototypical, if more severe, arc.

In addition, the Berlin branch must cross under the mainline.
 
Track 5 north of the mainline services tracks for Landers, Frary & Clark (See Station & Yard); City Building Supply; City Coal & Wood; New Britain Lumber Co.; and Shurberg & Sons, Inc..

Although not prototypical, the North & Judd siding (that services a warehouse and oil tanks) is just past the end of the siding and on the mainline. This was necessary due to track geometry and to ensure the crossover from the eastbound main would connect allow access to the siding. Operationally it's irrelevant because the industry track would begin right at the start of the siding and working the track would foul the mainline regardless. This is all still within yard limits as well.

The long siding on the south side of the mainline is not modeled. It would have to be on the outside of the helix, narrowing the aisle too much. There are two industrial tracks that are connected directly to the mainline instead.


Carlson & Torrell Builders & Contractors
50 Dwight Street
Modeled Capacity: 1-2 cars
Inbound: Lumber, plywood, fibreboard, cinder blocks, asphalt shingles, cement, etc.
Outbound: None
 
Carlson & Torrell is a contracting company that shares a siding with the Household Fuel and Stanley & Svea companies. They receive shipments of building materials in box cars, gondolas, and flat cars.


City Building Supply

 

This aerial view from 1955 shows City Building Supply, Sachem Oil, and the New Britain Lumber Company. Missing in the photo is City Coal & Wood which used to occupy the space at the end of the City Building Supply structure.

141 Elm Street

Modeled Capacity: 3 cars
Inbound: Cinder blocks, cement, stone, gravel, sand, hardware, etc.
Outbound: None

City Building Supply receives lumber, cement, coal and other building supplies in box cars, gondolas and flat cars.


City Coal & Wood

Photo by Paul Wales since released by A&R Productions NYNH&H Volume 2.

Modeled Capacity: 1-2 cars
Inbound: Coal, Coke (?), Lumber
Outbound: None

Gary brought me copies of Paul Wales films and photos a few years ago. Gary was the last conductor on NX-25 to New Britain. It wasn't until I started going through my research again that I spotted this great structure. It's gone by 1955 (see aerial photo above), but was definitely there through at least 1951. I will probably build it so it can be removed if needed for later ops sessions.


Cohen William Inc. Grocers

4 Woodland Court
Modeled Capacity: 2 cars
Inbound: Produce, meat, frozen foods, packaged foods
Outbound: None
 
This is a warehouse for the Cohen William Inc. grocery stores. They share a siding with the R. M. Hall company. They receive produce and meats in reefers, as well as dry goods in box cars. On earlier Sanborn maps it is noted as National Biscuit Co. (Nabisco), and is later the home of Wellins Auto Parts. The structure still stands.


Hardware City Fuel Co., Inc.

1000 East Street
Modeled Capacity: 4 cars
Inbound: Coal, coke, fuel oil, range oil, tires, batteries, gasoline, motor oil, and Williams 'Oil-O-Matic' oil burners.
Outbound: None

On the 1940 alignment map there are two tracks that service Atlantic Refining Co., and The Texas Co. (Texaco). It appears that by my era this has become the Hardware City Fuel Co., Inc. whose ad indicates they sell Gulf petroleum products. They have two service stations in town, along with this bulk facility. This property was destroyed with the construction of Route 72 and Route 9.

While this is located northeast of Fairview Cemetery on the prototype, I'm locating it next to the other sidings in order to fit it onto the layout. 


Household Fuel Co.

24 Dwight Court
Modeled Capacity: 1 car
Inbound: Coal and Coke
Outbound: None
 
Household Fuel is a coal dealer that shares a siding with the Carlson & Torell and Stanley & Svea companies. They receive shipments of coal hoppers. 

I suspect their fuel oil was delivered to them by truck and not by rail as there is no evidence on the site of tanks or any sort of unloading facility.



New Britain Lumber Company

Modeled Capacity: 4 cars
Inbound: Lumber, sash & doors, mason's supplies, paints, plywood, fibreboard, plasterboard, asphalt shingles, etc.
Outbound: None

When I started researching the line, it appeared the many of the original Lumber Company buildings were still there, although I don't think they were still in use. Of course this project has taken longer than I anticipated and they were demolished during the construction of the busway.


North and Judd

Modeled Capacity: 4 cars
Inbound: ?
Outbound: ?

North and Judd has a warehouse and several tanks at this location. Their factory is not located on the railroad.

Initially manufacturing equestrian and saddlery and harness hardware (including a relationship with William F. 'Buffalo Bill' Cody), they later expanded into tens of thousands of items under the 'Anchor' brand for things like belt buckles, thumb tacks, upholstry nails, and among the first seatbelt buckles.

I suspect this was a warehouse to receive supplies via rail and it's quite possible they shipped from here as well. If they weren't shipping full car loads then they most likely shipped from the Freight House on the Berlin Branch.


R.M. Hall Company Warehouse

2 Woodland Court
Modeled Capacity: 1 car
Inbound: General merchandise
Outbound: None

This is a warehouse for the R.M. Hall Company General Stores. They share a siding with the Cohen William Co. and receive all sorts of goods, typically in box cars.

An ad in the City Directory indicates they sell Imported and domestic 'Imperial' wall papers, Kyanize paints, varnishes, enamel, glass, etc..

I had a Kyanize paint hat as a kid...


Shurberg & Sons, Inc, Scrap Iron and Coal

 
55 Franklin Street
Modeled Capacity: 5 cars
Inbound: Coal, coke, gravel, sand, scrap iron, steel, etc.
Outbound: Scrap metal

They occupy a large plot of land and I would love to find some better photos to model what looks like a mix of different types of buildings. They have a coal hopper and conveyor to a large coal structure, along with very large piles of coal and scrap. They must have some sort of crane as well.
 


Stanley-Svea Grain & Coal Co.

769 Stanley Street
Modeled Capacity: 2 cars
Inbound: Grain, coal, coke, fuel oil
Outbound: None

Stanley-Svea is a grain and coal company that shares a siding with the Household Fuel and Carlson & Torell companies. The main structure is still there, and I have a photo of the trestle. In aerial shots as well as maps it appears the trestle is partially covered. They have a 22,000 bushel grain elevator.


Union Manufacturing



Modeled Capacity: 6 cars
Inbound: Coal, coke
Outbound: None

Track 15A comes off of the Berlin Line and through the Mechanical Department/Engine Servicing facility. It serves two long groups of coal and coke bins. You can see the size of them in the aerial photos, and in the crop looking down the tracks it's evident that these are just open bins.

There is no evidence or indication on maps that they ever had between track hoppers. Apparently they would have received coal and coke in hoppers, or more likely gondolas, and the cars were emptied by hand.